Cotton is a white fiber that grows around the seeds of some species of the genus Gossypium in the family Malvaceae. Cotton can be dated up to 7,000 years ago and its use as a fabric can be found up to 4,500 years B.C. It is used commercially in several parts of the world from Mexico, USA, England to Africa and Australia. Currently only 4 species are used on a large scale and it is estimated that world production is around 25 million tons per year.
In fashion, cotton fiber is used widely, and can be transformed into fabrics for use from underwear, for which it is ideal since its touch is soft and delicate, up to the use of clothes in the most diverse styles, such as chic and the hippie. Cotton can also be used to make backpacks, bedding, socks and others. It can also be mixed with other fibers and dyed, thus becoming an essential fabric for the clothing and fashion industry.
Bibliography: Allan, Georgina O’Hara; Enciclopédia da Moda: De 1840 À Década de 90: Companhia das Letras, 2010.