The Balmoral Petticoat was basically a petticoat shorter than the usual one used for sports. Widely used between 1860 and 1870, it was colorful and appeared on the hem of dress skirts that were used over the top.
It could be used with crinoline or have bows built into the petticoat with horsehair reinforcements, to decrease the height of the sheath, preventing it from dragging on the ground.
The most common Balmoral Petticoat was made of red wool often with 2 to 4 horizontal stripes around its hem. There are reports of petticoats made with vertical chess and striped wool; and in the United States even petticoats made of cotton.
It got the name “Balmoral Petticoat” because of Queen Victoria who adored her property in Balmoral in Scotland. Historians say that royalty in Balmoral wore tall boots (Balmoral boots), red petticoats and skirts at a height of practicality, showing red petticoats and boots.
Some examples of Balmoral Petticoats.
Bibliography: Allan, Georgina O’Hara; Enciclopédia da Moda: De 1840 À Década de 90: Companhia das Letras, 2010.