The argyle is the world famous lozenges (or diamonds) pattern. It was inspired by the tartan of the Scottish clan Argyle, from where it took its name.
The first known use of the Argyle pattern was made in the 17th century on the fabric of socks and kilts. The pattern gained fame in the USA and Great Britain, where it was knitted by hand, after World War II. The brand “Pringle of Scotland” helped to make the pattern a success, as well as one of its supporters, The Duke of Windsor, Edvard VIII.
Today the pattern is made by machines in all types of colors and it’s most commonly used in sweaters, socks and scarfs. The pattern is also famous due to its use in many golfers’ clothing items.
Bibliography: Allan, Georgina O’Hara; Fashion Encyclopedia: From 1840 to the 1990s: Companhia das Letras, 2010.